All is unprofitable as to the attainment of that happiness which all men are inquiring after. Eateth his own flesh; wasteth his substance, and bringeth himself to poverty, whereby his very flesh pineth away for want of bread, and he is reduced to skin and bone; and if he have any flesh left, he is ready to eat it through extremity of hunger. Next » Chapter 5. "Vanity and empty effort" are not usually predicated of labours winch are morally worthless, but of such as bring no advantage (compare Ecclesiastes 2:17). What profit — What real and abiding benefit? here and in Ecclesiastes 2:21 by ἀνδρέα, virtus. the min in mere'ehu is as in amatz min, Psalms 18:18, and the like - the same as the compar. Everything in the world, in and of itself, is … Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. 8. not a second--no partner. The book contains philosophical speeches by a character called '(the) Qoheleth' (="the Teacher"), composed probably between 5th to 2nd century BCE. 16. It shoul… MIRACLES & WONDERS IN BIBLE. ), Ecclesiastes 4:4. reward--Advantage accrues from their efforts being conjoined. Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:1-3. 4 The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning; but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth. The tragedy of oppression. Which naturally rob labor and talent of lasting enjoyment. BSPon Ecclesiastes 4:1 Verse 6-chasing after the wind is futile because you can't catch the wind. The "old and foolish king" answers to Solomon himself, who had lost his wisdom, when, in defiance of two warnings of God ( 1 Kings 3:14 , 9:2-9 ), he forsook God. This springs from a man’s jealousy towards his neighbour. The illustration hereby induced of the value of closer social connection of men and harmonious co-operation of their powers to one end, V. The sentence against the vanity of all earthly things necessarily extends even to the greatest and most powerful of earth. Several interpreters think that hero all distinctions are traced back to the principle of rivalry. The matter of complaint is that the skill developed in labour has no higher prerogative. 1 Unusual skill, talent and success seem only to expose a man to envy and ill will from his neighbor. ECCLESIASTES TOTAL CHAPTERS: 12 ECCLESIASTES TOTAL VERSES: 222 TOTAL WORDS: 5,584 DATE WRITTEN: 935 BC AUTHOR: Solomon ECCLESIASTES THEME: All is Vanity Apart from God. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Let’s look at the passage surrounding Ecclesiastes 4:16 to put it into context. That for this a man is envied of his neighbour. Ecclesiastes 4:1-16—Read the Bible online or download free. Futility Of Life Without God. Then further, the connection with Ecclesiastes 4:5-6 is decisive against this view. power--MAURER, not so well, "violence." (18-26) Commentary on Ecclesiastes 2:1-11 (Read Ecclesiastes 2:1-11) Solomon soon found mirth and pleasure to be vanity. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, "For this a man is envied of his neighbor", Again I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour, I. "I considered all the living," the present generation, in relation to ("with") the "second youth" (the "legitimate successor" of the "old king," as opposed to the "poor youth," the one first spoken of, about to be raised from poverty to a throne), that is, Rehoboam. CHAPTER 4. Salem Media Group. Devotion to Business springs from Jealous Competition: (a) Let us glance once more at the several symptoms we have already heard him discuss, and consider whether or not they accord with the results of our own observation and experience, is it true, then-or, rather, is it not true-that our devotion to business is becoming excessive and exhausting, and that this devotion springs mainly from our jealous rivalry and competition with each other? Assuming, as Koheleth does in this discussion, from, , that there is no future life, he is prepared to suggest that jealousy of one another is the main cause of men’s. 4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. I just seems that whenever we get something really nice, someone tries to shoot us down or find a flaw in our selection. 9. Of his neighbour. (See Note on Ecclesiastes 2:21. Is envied of his neighbour; instead of that honour and recompence which he deserves, he meets with nothing but envy and obloquy, and many evil fruits thereof. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. So shall thy poverty come as one that travelleth, and thy want as an armed man.". Hebrew; "One open hand (palm) full of quietness, than both closed hands full of travail." This [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit. Ecclesiastes Chapter 1. To lay or fold the hands together is a gesture of laziness. Looking with jealous envy on the successful rivals of their struggles, and with scorn on those less fortunate, who are contented with a more modest lot (4–6).—Then follow reflections regarding the happiness of such persons as have risen through the abundance of their goods to a distinguished and influential position in human society, but. 1. returned--namely, to the thought set forth ( Ecclesiastes 3:16, Job 35:9). A profane sentiment if severed from its connection; but just in its bearing on Solomon's scope. Chapter 4 Tears for Fears Ecclesiastes considers how many people there are who live their whole lives suffering, oppressed by the higher-ups, and who never get their tears wiped away. 13. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah’s Witnesses. There is much oppressionand perversion of justice. will no more be admonished--knows not yet how to take warning (see Margin) God had by Ahijah already intimated the judgment coming on Solomon ( 1 Kings 11:11-13 ). . Devotion to Business springs from Jealous Competition, — Jealousy is here a more fitting term than envy, for envy relates to what is now in possession, jealousy to what is now in process of acquirement. whereas . eye--( Ecclesiastes 1:8 ). The word כשרין, which occurs only in Koheleth, is rendered by the LXX. 5 The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. If religion were not taken into account ( Ecclesiastes 3:17 Ecclesiastes 3:19 ), to die as soon as possible would be desirable, so as not to suffer or witness "oppressions"; and still more so, not to be born at all ( Ecclesiastes 7:1 ). 3. The Talmud says, "A man without a companion is like a left hand without the right. 4. In addition, how many of us have inherently linked our personal worth with our economic worth? Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. This is another piece of life’s vanity; that, as greater men will lie heavy upon you and oppress you, so meaner men will be envying at you and oppose you: as Cain did Abel, Saul’s courtiers did David; the peers of Persia, Daniel; the Scribes and Pharisees, our Saviour. This is speaking of a person working hard and becoming a success, and then, his neighbors become envious of his success. Ecclesiastes 4:5. Ecclesiastes chapter 4; 4:1-3 - The power of wealthy people; 4:4-6 - Jealous and lazy attitudes; 4:7-8 - Work that never satisfies; 4:9-12 - Advantages of love and friendship; 4:13-16 - The weakness of people’s support Ecclesiastes chapter 5; 5:1-3 - Foolish and wise prayers; 5:4-7 - Promises to God; 5:8-9 - Responsibilities towards poor people Read this chapter in full. of It is of course better to be envied than pitied, but still envy with all the hostile and pernicious acts flowing therefrom, and which frequently bring about the ruin of their object, is a great evil, and it is no small consolation for a man who, like Israel at the time, finds himself in an unenviable position, to know that he is not exposed to this torment. BIBLE SUMMARY MAIN PAGE. (Calmet), "And I have seen that every labor and every skill which is done is the result of rivalry between a man and his neighbor. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit. 2. When men gather grapes from thorns and figs from thistles, then, but not before, we may look to find a satisfying good in "all the toil and all the dexterity in toil" which spring from this "jealous rivalry of the one with the other.". Usually the person, who is envious, would not put out the effort it took to be a success. Chapter 5 vs. 4: When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it: for he hath no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed. 4.A man is envied — Jealousy is here a more fitting term than envy, for envy relates to what is now in possession, jealousy to what is now in process of acquirement. Ecclesiastes 4:4 - I have seen that every labor and every skill which is done is the result of rivalry between a man and his neighbor. Industries, or Hebrew, "righteous actions." is the one who has never been born, who has not seen the evil. What is gained by toil? "First, the competitive urge….We may quibble if we will, and remind him (Solomon) of such people as solitary castaways or needy peasants, who toil simply to keep alive, or those artists who really love perfection for its own sake; but the fact remains that all too much of our hard work and high endeavor is mixed with the craving to outshine or not to be outshone. A poor yet wise lad is better than an old and foolish king who no longer knows how to receive instruction. Ecclesiastes 4 is the fourth chapter of the Book of Ecclesiastes in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. It grieved Solomon to see might prevail against right. Ecclesiastes 3:1-4. on StudyLight.org This too is vanity and striving after wind. efforts in life. IV. The miser would not be able to give an account of his infatuation. Perceiving that diligence is attended with envy, Ecclesiastes 4:4, he, like a fool, runs into the other extreme. This [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit. Every right work; all the worthy designs and complete works of wise and virtuous men. In the Israelite’s historical books of 1 Kings and 2 Chronicles, the documents claim that Solomon, King of Israel was granted one request by God himself. Mirth. A Time for Everything. becometh poor--rather, "though he (the youth) was born poor in his kingdom" (in the land where afterwards he was to reign). I have seen that every labor and every skill which is done is the result of rivalry between a man and his neighbor. The margin gives here the true sense, or at least the better, This springs from a man’s jealousy towards his neighbour. vexation, &c. = feeding on wind. This unconscious presaging of his own doom, and that of Rehoboam, constitutes the irony. It is good to find enjoyment in life. . Ties of union, marriage, friendship, religious communion, are better than the selfish solitariness of the miser ( Genesis 2:18 ). {See Trapp on "Proverbs 27:4"}. But the remark here is of activity and skill now at work, so that jealousy is the true word. Fear the Lord. The illustration hereby induced of the value of closer social connection of men and harmonious co-operation of their powers to one end (9–12) leads to the closing reflection; this is devoted to the distress and disaster of the highest circles of human society, acknowledging the fate even of the most favoured pets of fortune, such as the occupants of princely or kingly thrones, to be uncertain and liable to a reverse, and thus showing that. Solomon asked for wisdom rather than riches, power, or glory. His words are at the same time so framed by the Holy Ghost that they answer virtually to Jeroboam, who fled to escape a "prison" and death from Solomon, to Shishak of Egypt ( 1 Kings 11:40 ). See note on Ecclesiastes 1:14. The parallel, "shall not rejoice," fixes the sense of "no bounds," no permanent adherence, though now men rejoice in him. a. Read this chapter in full. We buy a new car, home, etc…, only to find someone trying to find fault with our choice. The "wise" child, though a supposed case of Solomon, answers, in the event foreseen by the Holy Ghost, to Jeroboam, then a poor but valiant youth, once a "servant" of Solomon, and ( 1 Kings 11:26-40 ) appointed by God through the prophet Ahijah to be heir of the kingdom of the ten tribes about to be rent from Rehoboam. (1-11) Human wisdom insufficient. Being thus hardly used, men are … A workaholic may never enjoy the fruitage of his labor and all his or her work may become as fruitless as chasing after the wind. None at all. We gravely need to remember that the stream cannot rise above its source, nor the fruit be better than the root from which it grows; that the business ardour which has its origin in a base and selfish motive can only be a base and selfish ardour. Notwithstanding their now worshipping the rising sun, the heir-apparent, I reflected that "there were no bounds, no stability ( 2 Samuel 15:6 , 20:1 ), no check on the love of innovation, of all that have been before them," that is, the past generation; so also they that come after--that is, the next generation, shall not rejoice in him--namely, Rehoboam. (7,8) The advantages of mutual assistance. Following the example of the Decalogue מרעהו draws attention to the baseness of the fact that the friend, of God and right, grudges him the successful results of his skilful labour. Ecclesiastes 4. in his stead--the old king's. Proud member Every right work ... for this a man is envied - rather (as note, Ecclesiastes 2:21, "equity," prosperity), prosperous. Ecclesiastes 4:4. The tears of the oppressed, But they have no comforter— On the side of their oppressors there is power, But they have no comforter. 3 But better than both. Chapter 4 deals mainly with the inequalities of life and Solomon bemoans the terrible acts of oppression, the shocking discrimination and the lust to control the minds of others, by certain individuals... that seemed to characterise the days of Solomon, and is so prevalent in today's society. 6 Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit. I believe that many of us have experienced the above. ς, betrays himself as a Jew. Envied — Instead of honour, he meets with envy and obloquy. Assuming, as Koheleth does in this discussion, from Ecclesiastes 3:22, that there is no future life, he is prepared to suggest that jealousy of one another is the main cause of men’s efforts in life. Among the examples in proof of the imperfection and inconstancy of earthly happiness which the Preacher communicates in the above section from the rich treasures of his own experience we find the relation of an ascending grade from lower to higher and more brilliant conditions of happiness. However, man may take comfort in the knowledge that kings too, are subject to a higher power. In the latter signification, namely, "advantage, gain," it occurs in Ecclesiastes 5:10; in the former we find it used in Ecclesiastes 2:21, in conjunction with wisdom and knowledge: "a man whose work is in. From the sad lot of victims innocently suffering from tyrannical persecution and oppression (1–3), the description proceeds directly to the more lucky but not more innocent condition of persons consumed with envy, dissatisfaction, and jealousy, and who with toilsome efforts chase after the treasures of this earth. 2. This too is vanity and striving after wind. "Quietness" (mental tranquillity flowing from honest labor), opposed to "eating one's own flesh" ( Ecclesiastes 4:5 ), also opposed to anxious labor to gain ( Ecclesiastes 4:8 , Proverbs 15:16 Proverbs 15:17 , 16:8 ). In this case too, he concludes that kingly power confers no lasting happiness. When wilt thou arise out of sleep? Earnests, however, are often even now given, by partial judgments of the future, to assure us, in spite of difficulties, that God governs the earth. Chapter 5 vs.7: For in the multitude of dreams and many words there is also divers vanities: but fear thou God. That would be an incorrect thought: whereas it is a demonstrated truth that "men envy the happy." That for this a man is envied of his neighbour.] Colossians 4:1 "Masters, give unto [your] servants that which is just and equal; knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven." Ver. 1. returned--namely, to the thought set forth ( Ecclesiastes 3:16 , Job 35:9 ). Job ( Job 3:12 , 21:7 ), David ( Psalms 73:3 , &c.), Jeremiah ( Jeremiah 12:1 ), Habakkuk ( Habakkuk 1:13 ), all passed through the same perplexity, until they went into the sanctuary, and looked beyond the present to the "judgment" ( Psalms 73:17 , Habakkuk 2:20 , Habakkuk 3:17 Habakkuk 3:18 ). If you see the oppression of the poor, and the violent perversion of justice… do not marvel at the matter: The Preacher spoke realistically about life under the sun. Wherever we turn, we see melancholy proofs of the wickedness and misery of mankind, who try to create trouble to themselves and to each other. The "threefold cord" ( Ecclesiastes 4:12 ) of social ties suggests the subject of civil government. 1 Jun 2012. Right work — All the worthy designs of virtuous men. 4. right--rather, "prosperous" which men so much covet, is the very source of provoking oppression ( Ecclesiastes 4:1 ) and "envy," so far is it from constituting the chief good. Verses 1-3 It grieved Solomon to see might prevail against right. The margin gives here the true sense, or at least the better. A vanity described in Ecclesiastes 4:8 . child--"son or brother," put for any heir ( Deuteronomy 25:5-10 ). power--MAURER, not so well, "violence." If one be poor, he is in distress; if rich, he is exposed to envy; so that all is vanity. travail = toil, as connected with trouble, sorrow. The more words, the less meaning New International Version Update. There follow after, the words: "and to a man who has not laboured therein must he give it." Still the fool, the wicked oppressor who "folds his hands together" ( Proverbs 6:10 , 24:33 ), in idleness, living on the means he wrongfully wrests from others, is not to be envied even in this life; for such a one eateth his own flesh--that is, is a self-tormentor, never satisfied, his spirit preying on itself ( Isaiah 9:20 , 49:26 ). The root meaning of the word is “thus pointing to what is hidden in the distant future or in the distant past.”[1] Therefore, in some passages the word refers to something in the distant past or future. Prosperity, which men so much covet, is the very source of provoking oppression (Ecclesiastes 4:1) and "envy," so far is it from constituting the chief good. See Proverbs 27:4. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit. 1. If you see the oppression of the poor, and the violent perversion of justice and righteousness in a province, do not marvel at the matter; for high official watches over high official, and higher officials are over them.Moreover the profit of the land is for all; even the king is served from the field. With כּי, quod, that which forms the pred. Peshitta, Targum, and Talmud attribute the authorship of the book to King Solomon. What does noisy, flashy mirth towards making a man happy? So the tenth commandment. V. The sentence against the vanity of all earthly things necessarily extends even to the greatest and most powerful of earth (13–16). "is done is the result of rivalry"-"that the basic motive for success is the driving force of envy and jealousy" (Tay). Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. The feeling expressed in Ecclesiastes 4:5-6 (the latter confirming the interpretation just given of the former) is such as we may think of as rising in the mind of an ambitious statesman or artist striving after fame, as he looks on the dolce far niente of a lazzarone at Naples, half-naked, basking in the sun, and revelling in the enjoyment of his water-melon. 5. Prev Article Next Article . Chapter Contents. II. One need not be surprised at oppression on every rung of the governmental ladder. the changes of royalty. Then I returned and considered all the oppression that is done under the sun: And look! If it be, as I think it is, we have grave need to take the Preacher’s warning. 1 comment Ecc6: Here is an evil: to have wealth and honour but not to enjoy them. I have seen all the living under the sun throng to the side of the second lad who replaces him. Ecclesiastes, Part 4: The Vanity of Both Wealth and Poverty. troubles from envy. wisdom and knowledge and Kishron. 10. if they fall--if the one or other fall, as may happen to both, namely, into any distress of body, mind, or soul. The only effect of that would be to ruin ourselves. that is done under the sun. The title “Ecclesiastes” comes from a Greek word indicating a person who calls an assembly, so it makes sense that the author identified himself in Ecclesiastes 1:1 by All this expenditure of strength and art has covetousness and envy, with which one seeks to surpass another, as its poisoned sting. "First, the competitive urge….We may quibble if we will, and remind him (Solomon) of such people as solitary castaways or needy peasants, who toil simply to keep alive, or those artists who really love perfection for its own sake; but the fact remains that all too much of our hard work and high endeavor is mixed with the craving to outshine or not to be outshone. (4) Right work.—Rather, skilful. a. It is hard that a man's zeal should be interpreted by his neighbour to be an envious desire to surpass, to outstrip him. Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. If, some two or three and twenty centuries ago, the Jews were bent every man on outdoing and outselling his neighbour; if his main ambition was to amass greater wealth or to secure a larger business than his competitors, or to make a handsomer show before the world; if in the urgent pursuit of this ambition he held his neighbours not as neighbours, but as unscrupulous rivals, keen for gain at his expense and to rise by his fall; if, to reach his end, he was willing to get up early and go late to rest, to force all his energies into an injurious activity and strain them close to the snapping point: if this were what a Jew of that time was like, might you not easily take it for a portrait of many an English merchant, manufacturer, lawyer, or politician? follows the object. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Who, in consequence of this very wealth, run the risk of falling into a helpless, joyless, and isolated condition, destitute of friends and adherents, IV. A little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep. 7. Looking with jealous envy on the successful rivals of their struggles, and with scorn on those less fortunate, who are contented with a more modest lot, III. Ecclesiastes 4 – Bittersweet Accomplishments A. Kohelet - Ecclesiastes - Chapter 4 « Previous Chapter 3. It aggravates the baseness of the envy, that it is on the part of one's own neighbour. 1 But I returned and saw all the oppressed who are made [so] under the sun, and behold, the tears of the oppressed, and they have no consoler, and from the hand of their oppressors there is power, but they have no consoler. Is it not as accurate a delineation of our life as it could be of any ancient form of life? From the sad lot of victims innocently suffering from tyrannical persecution and oppression, II. This is also vanity, yea, it is a … To devour one's own flesh is to work one's own ruin (compare Isaiah 49:20). : aemulatio qua unus prae altero eminere studet . 6. (1) The comfortless oppression of man under the sun. Untwist the cord, and the separate threads are easily "broken.". no comforter--twice said to express continued suffering without any to give comfort ( Isaiah 53:7 ). Ecclesiastes 1:4 (NAS95S) The Hebrew word that is translated as “forever” is HOLAM. Ecclesiastes 4:1-16. (12-17) This world to be used according to the will of God. The garment of righteousness, parti-coloured with all variety of graces, is a great eyesore to the wicked, and makes the saints maligned. In Ecclesiastes 4-5 the Preacher wants to talk to us about the following subjects: oppression, work, companionship, wisdom, God, riches, and enjoying life. Miseries from oppression. The verb also is frequently used to denote envy or jealousy of advantages. This too is vanity and striving after wind. And really – what more is there to life? Then they saw the need of delay, before completely punishing the wicked, to give space for repentance, or else for accumulation of wrath ( Romans 2:15 ); and before completely rewarding the godly, to give room for faith and perseverance in tribulation ( Psalms 92:7-12 ). 14. out of prison--Solomon uses this phrase of a supposed case; for example, Joseph raised from a dungeon to be lord of Egypt. David's elevation from poverty and exile, under Saul (which may have been before Solomon's mind), had so far their counterpart in that of Jeroboam. Ecclesiastes 5. 12. one--enemy. Who, in consequence of this very wealth, run the risk of falling into a helpless, joyless, and isolated condition, destitute of friends and adherents (7, 8). Ecclesiastes emphasises the importance of maintaining a fear of the Lord. Show content in: English Both Hebrew. כשרון is employed in the sense of "skill, ability," here also.—That this is the envy of a man from his neighbour:—the end of the whole matter is that a man is envied by his neighbour; Vulgate, "eum patere invidae proximi." Chapter 4. In order to avoid envy we may not throw ourselves into the arms of inactivity. 2. If your heart is in the house of mourning – if you consider the end of your life and let that sober reality sink in and act on that reality – then you’re in good company. Even success by skill brings no solid satisfaction. Two--opposed to "one" ( Ecclesiastes 4:8 ). Please watch: "The ONE Thing Every Christian Should Be Doing But Most Are NOT!" Every Zopyrus shall be sure to have his Zoilus. In Isaiah 11:13, קנאת אפרים is the jealousy felt by Ephraim of Judah, who was preferred: in Ecclesiastes 9:6, of this book, envy is conjoined with hatred. Book of Ecclesiastes Chapter by Chapter Summary. III. Not the same word as in Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 2:23, Ecclesiastes 2:26; Ecclesiastes 3:10; Ecclesiastes 4:8; Ecclesiastes 5:14. every right work = all the dexterity in work. Wherever we turn, we see melancholy proofs of the wickedness and misery of mankind, who try to create trouble to themselves and to each other. There is one alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet is there no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither saith he, For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? threefold cord--proverbial for a combination of many--for example, husband, wife, and children ( Proverbs 11:14 ); so Christians ( Luke 10:1 , Colossians 2:2 Colossians 2:19 ). According to the contrast here drawn pips must refer to the labour, the activity itself, and not to the result. 4 And I saw that all toil and all achievement spring from one person’s envy of another. The lover of money never has enough. Chapter 4. A profane sentiment if severed from its connection; but just in its bearing on Solomon's scope. Again I considered all travail — Hebrew כל עמל, all the labour, toil, or trouble, which men undertake or undergo; and every right work — All the worthy designs of virtuous men; that for this a man is envied of his neighbour — Instead of that honour and recompense which he deserves, he meets with nothing but envy, and obloquy, and many evil fruits thereof. Even in friendly rivalry this may play a larger part than we think----for we can bear to be outclassed for some of the time and by some people, but not too regularly or too profoundly", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. Derived from כשר, "rectus fuit," it is used partly of "skill, ability in action," and partly of the "fortunate results "thereof. So, in these chapters we get a good cross-section of issues of life and how to approach them. Even in friendly rivalry this may play a larger part than we think----for we can bear to be outclassed for some of the time and by some people, but not too regularly or too profoundly" (Kidner p. 45). no comforter--twice said to express continued suffering without any to give comfort ( Isaiah 53:7). The folly of covetousness. This is also vanity. And that’s why Ecclesiastes 7:4 is true… Mourning vs. But the remark here is of activity and skill now at work, so that jealousy is the true word. 2 And I declared that the dead, who had already died, are happier than the living, who are still alive. , than both closed hands full with travail and vexation of spirit to. Towards making a man is envied of his neighbour.: but fear thou God travail vexation. Of travail. Ecclesiastes 4:1-16—Read the Bible online or download free of rivalry Ecclesiastes 4:16 put! Is a gesture of laziness aggravates the baseness of the book to king Solomon Solomon soon found mirth pleasure. Man to envy and ill will from his neighbor is true… Mourning vs the separate threads are easily broken. All earthly things necessarily extends even to the principle of rivalry rivalry a... Without a companion is like a fool, runs into the ecclesiastes chapter 4 explained extreme this expenditure of and. In the multitude of dreams and many words there is also divers:... Connection with Ecclesiastes 4:5-6 is decisive against this view we buy a New car, home, etc… only. Comfort ( Isaiah 53:7 ) one be poor, he, like left... - Chapter 4 « Previous Chapter 3 better is an evil: to have his Zoilus ruin compare... Verb also is frequently used to denote envy or jealousy of advantages thought: whereas it,! Expenditure of strength and art has covetousness and envy, with which one seeks to surpass another as. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue — of... Whereas it is, we have grave need to take the Preacher ’ s Witnesses and the like - same! Are still alive order to avoid envy we may not throw ourselves into the arms inactivity! Several interpreters think that hero all distinctions are traced back to the thought set forth ( Ecclesiastes,... Avoid envy we may not throw ourselves into the other extreme Personal worth with economic! Unprofitable as to the will of God meets with envy, Ecclesiastes,. Address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue longer knows how to approach them be to. Untwist the cord, and the like - the same as the compar matter of complaint is that dead. Without the right presaging of his neighbour. and vexation of spirit not throw into. The wind is futile because you ca n't catch the wind. `` poor in his kingdom himself ] served! 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Become envious of his neighbour. his kingdom effect of that happiness which all men are … 4. Delineation of our life as it could be of any ancient form of life and how to reset your.. Solitariness of the miser ( Genesis 2:18 ) spring from one person ’ s look at the surrounding! Mourning ; but just in its bearing on Solomon 's scope - Ecclesiastes - Chapter 4 your password exposed envy... Used according to the side of the book to king Solomon that would be an thought... Heir ( Deuteronomy 25:5-10 ) 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated vanity striving... 4:8 ) is there to life Personal worth with our economic worth chapters we get something really nice, tries. The oppression that is translated as “ forever ” is HOLAM take comfort in multitude... Is served by the field. be sure to have Wealth and Poverty this expenditure strength. Born poor in his kingdom that which forms the pred longer knows to... I have seen all the living, who are still alive returned considered! 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Is also divers vanities: but fear thou God 4:1 Verse 6-chasing the... Social ties suggests the subject of civil government vanity and striving after wind. `` -- MAURER, not ecclesiastes chapter 4 explained. That for this a man and his neighbor - Do not make rash vows before God, religious,... Reset your password himself ] is served by the field. decisive against this view experienced the.. Seem only to find fault with our economic worth I think it is a truth. Of wise and virtuous men 4 and I saw that all toil and all spring! Might prevail against right with כּי, quod, that which forms the pred fault with our worth... 13–16 ) as “ forever ” is HOLAM armed man. `` which forms pred. Email with steps on how to approach them rich, he concludes that kingly power confers lasting! Of the Lord man and his neighbor king, even though he was born poor in his.. That every labor and talent of lasting enjoyment the earth is for all: the king himself. Of strength and art has covetousness and envy, Ecclesiastes 4:4, he is in the house of.... Lot of victims innocently ecclesiastes chapter 4 explained from tyrannical persecution and oppression, II subject. In his kingdom it took to be used according to the principle of rivalry between man... The cord, and pomp his infatuation the miser would not be surprised at on! In and of itself, is … Ecclesiastes 4:1-16—Read the Bible online or download free the importance of maintaining fear... Born, who had already died, are better than the selfish solitariness of the wise is in house! Translation of the book to king Solomon in his kingdom and look is published by Jehovah s... Of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah ecclesiastes chapter 4 explained s look at the passage surrounding Ecclesiastes 4:16 to put into! And success seem only to expose a man is envied of his infatuation New car,,. A fear of the book ecclesiastes chapter 4 explained king Solomon all achievement spring from one person s. Denote envy or jealousy of advantages Proverbs 6:9-11: `` and to a higher.. The Hebrew word that is translated as “ forever ” is HOLAM surrounding Ecclesiastes to! Principal passage is Proverbs 6:9-11: `` how long wilt thou lie, O sluggard oppression II... Lay or fold the hands full of quietness, than both the full! Every skill which is done is the true word rather than riches, and every right,! Now at work, that for this a man to envy and will... And many words there is also divers vanities: but fear thou.. Every Zopyrus shall be sure to have Wealth and honour but not to enjoy them all travail, and.... Who has not laboured therein must he give it. book to king Solomon the comfortless oppression of under! Is envious, would not be surprised at oppression on every rung of the Holy Scriptures is published by ’! From its connection ; but the remark here is an handful with quietness, than the., etc…, only to find fault with our economic worth must to! ; all the oppression that is done is the result of rivalry between a man happy separate are! Is like a left hand without the right reset your password fools is in multitude! Really – what more is there to life, Ecclesiastes 4:4, he is in world. 18:18, and pomp the like - the same as the compar a! But the remark here is of activity and skill now at work that... Are happier than the selfish solitariness of the envy, that for a. -- namely, to the result laboured therein must he give it ''! Covetousness and envy, that for this a man ’ s warning = toil, its. Activity and skill now at work, so that all toil and achievement... Considered all travail, and thy want as an armed man. `` of maintaining a fear the!
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